Global Warming Essay Example 2020
Global sustainability defines the conditions under which humans and nature, societies and the biosphere, and the world and the Earth can co-exist in ways that enable productive harmony, stability and resilience to support present and future generations. Sustainable development is a concept that appeared for the first time in 1987, with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning humans of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth. The Brundtland report helped people begin to realize that although infant mortality was falling, that human life expectancy was increasing, and that more adults and children were learning, the number of hungry people, people who couldn’t read or write, and people without safe water or homes were also increasing. The Brundtland report articulated a commonly accepted definition of sustainable development, which states, “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. This definition of sustainability presents the idea that sustainable development can be reduced to two key concepts: needs and limitations. The needs refer to people who are in need, also known as the poor. The limitations are those who are imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet both present and future needs. Since the publication of the Brundtland report, organizations and methods such as the European Union’s Emission Trading System, the Clean Development Mechanism, countries working to be carbon-neutral, and the use of new energy-efficient sources have been developed to meet the common ground of global sustainability.
One method being approached to reach the goal of global sustainability is known as the European Union’s Emission Trading System. The EU Emissions Trading System was developed in 2005 and covers nearly forty five percent of the European Union's greenhouse gas emissions (EU ETS). The aim of the EU Emissions Trading System is to help EU Member States achieve their commitments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective way. They approach this by using a 'cap and trade' system in which they put a cap on the level of emissions that are allowed but provides the members of the system to purchase and/or sell the allowances as they are needed. These allowances are the currency used for the heart of the trading system. One quota allows the holder to expend one ton of carbon dioxide or an equivalent amount of another greenhouse gas (EU ETS). Using this system will reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions significantly by only allowing the members of the system to use only the gas they need rather than a constant abundance of overusing gas emissions. It is predicted that in 2020, emissions from sectors covered by the system will be twenty one percent lower than in 2005; and in 2030, under the revised system they will be forty three percent lower.
Another method for global sustainability that is being used worldwide is the Clean Development Mechanism. The Clean Development Mechanism, or CDM, essentially has two major objectives; reducing greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries and contributing to sustainable development. It is widely agreed that the CDM is a useful international instrument that encourages and reinforces the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, which should be further promoted as a way to fill the gap in energy and greenhouse gas efficiency between industrialized and developing countries. The Clean Development Mechanism could present humans with a new way of funding transport-sector projects, as it represents a crucial opportunity to foster sustainable transport sector in developing countries through increased funding flows, enhanced capacity and expanded technology transfer opportunities (Sreekanth). The CDM projects in a country should promote reduced carbon dioxide emissions, that could be a huge help in increasing and managing energy efficiency, investing in technologies, developing health and rural development, and reducing poverty.
The Green New Deal is another major project that seeks to invest in green business, move to one hundred percent clean energy by 2030, and provide green jobs by enacting the Full-Employment Program. Through a Full-Employment Program, the plan to create twenty million jobs by implementing a nationally funded direct-employment initiative that is controlled locally. Tens of millions of people have been turned into climate refugees while hundreds of thousands die annually from air pollution, heat waves, food shortages caused by droughts, storms and other impacts from the result of climate change and reliance on fossil fuels. The burning of these fossil fuels puts carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which, in return, causes global warming to rise gradually. This is known as the “greenhouse effect”, which could potentially cause temperatures to reach an average where agricultural production areas are being shifted, sea levels are rising enough to flood cities around the coast, and national economies are being disrupted (World Commission on Environment and Development 77). By moving to the total use of only one hundred percent clean energy, these shifts will be moving in the opposite, more positive, direction. Taking away the use of harmful gases will take away the harm the emissions has on our atmosphere and ecosystem; thus, providing a healthier, more sustainable Earth for humans and animals alike to live on.
The last method for global sustainability is something that anyone with the will and want to make a change can do – switch to cleaner, sustainable energy sources. With the demand for energy on the rise, researchers are working to find more sustainable sources of electricity; such as solar panels, wind turbines, biomass residues, electricity production from living plants, and more (Helder). Solar, wind, hydro and biomass are four renewable energy sources, but that doesn’t necessarily mean they are sustainable. Sustainable energy is any energy that can be replenished and that causes no damage to the environment; so that greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced. Sustainability is determined by three different parameters: environmental sustainability, social sustainability and economic sustainability.
Environmental sustainability means to have humans focus on reducing their carbon footprints, packaging waste, water usage, and their overall effect on the environment. It has been discovered that this reduction can have a beneficial impact on the planet as well as a positive financial impact. For example, reducing the amount of material that is used in packaging will also reduce the overall spending on those materials. Social sustainability means a business should have the support and approval of its employees. It comes down to treating employees fairly and being a good neighbor and community member, both locally and globally. Social sustainability is the ability of society, or any social system, to persistently achieve a good social well-being. Achieving social sustainability ensures that the social well-being of a country, an organization, or a community can be maintained in the long term. On a global social scale, a business needs to be aware of how its supply chain is being filled. Is child labor going into your product? Are people being paid fairly? Is the work environment safe? Lastly, the economic pillar of sustainability means that in order for a business or country to be sustainable, it must also be profitable. Economic sustainability means that a country must use its resources in an adequate and responsible manner so that it can produce a viable profit. If a country or business does not use its resources adequately, they will not be able to sustain long term.
Global sustainability can only be achieved if we get everyone working together for this common goal. If humans chose to lay back and not take care of the Earth they’re living on, the effects are going to come back to haunt them with a shorter life, polluted air, and an endangered environment. Since the Brundtland report was published in 1987 many organizations and individuals have put their foot down to achieving complete global sustainability by establishing associations and comprehensive strategies such as the European Union’s Emission Trading System, the Clean Development Mechanism, the Green New Deal, and the major transformation to sustainable energy. These organization are only some of the many methods and systems that are being used to achieve global sustainability. Some say that achieving total global sustainability is an impractical goal; thus, prove them wrong!
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